July 9, 1947 – First Woman in U.S. History Appointed a permanent Military Rank

On this day in history, General Dwight D. Eisenhower appointed Florence Blanchfield to be a lieutenant colonel in the U.S. Army.

Colonel Florence Aby Blanchfield

Colonel Florence Aby Blanchfield

Blanchfield left a successful private nursing career to enlist in the US Army Nurse Corps (ANC) during World War I, serving overseas until January, 1919.

She stayed in the Corps, and in 1935, she was assigned to Washington D.C. to the office of the superintendent, for personnel matters in the corps. She became assistant superintendent in 1939, acting superintendent in 1942, and served as superintendent from June 1943 until September 1947.


During World War II, Blanchfield supervised close to 60,000 nurses at home and abroad, touring military medical facilities around the world. At that time, army nurses were not allowed to marry, and any of those who did get married while in the corps were then discharged. Blanchfield lobbied Congress about the disparity in treatment, payment and benefits for women in the army. She was instrumental in gaining full rank for nurses, via the Army and Navy Nurse Corps Law of April 16, 1947, which also made the ANC a permanently commissioned Corps.


For her accomplishments on behalf of the ANC, she was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal in 1945. Blanchfield was also awarded the Florence Nightingale Medal by the International Red Cross (1951) and West Virginia’s Distinguished Service Medal (1963).

Florence Blanchfield died in 1971. Buried with full military honors, she was laid to rest in the nurses’ section of Arlington National Cemetery.


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