July 24, 1929 – President Herbert Hoover Proclaims the Treaty for the Renunciation of War (Kellogg-Briand Pact)

On this day in history, President Hoover congratulated “the entire world” for coming up with “this additional instrument of humane endeavor to do away with war as an instrument of national policy and to obtain by pacific means alone the settlement of international disputes.”

The Kellogg–Briand Pact or Pact of Paris (formally, the General Treaty for the Renunciation of War) was signed on August 27, 1928 by the United States, France, the United Kingdom, Germany, Italy, Japan, and a number of other states. The Pact, named for its authors – U.S. Secretary of State Frank B. Kellogg and French Foreign Minister Aristide Briand – prohibited the use of war as “an instrument of national policy” except in matters of self-defense. It made no provisions for sanctions. The pact was registered in League of Nations Treaty Series on September 4, 1929.

President Herbert Hoover

President Herbert Hoover

Frank Kellogg earned the Nobel Peace Prize in 1929 for his work on the Peace Pact. Kellogg Boulevard in downtown St. Paul, Minnesota is named for Kellogg, but reportedly, roughly fifty percent of the residents of St. Paul believe the street is named for the breakfast cereal company.

Frank Kellogg

Frank Kellogg

You can read the text of Hoover’s proclamation here, and the text of the Kellogg-Briand Pact here.


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